Transfiguration of Christ (Apple Spas)
Transfiguration of Christ or Christ is the Christian holiday dedicated mention of the Transfiguration of Jesus Christ, the feast of. Celebrated on August 19 and August 6 orthodox Catholics.
All three synoptic Gospels contain similar descriptions of the Transfiguration (Matthew 17:1, Mark 9:2, Luke 9:28). Soon after, as the Savior opened the disciples that He must suffer and be killed and on the third day rise again, he made three apostles - Peter, James and John on the Mount Tabor, and was transfigured before them: His face shone like the sun and His clothes became white as snow. The Transfiguration of Christ accompanied by the appearance of the Old Testament prophets Moses and Elijah, who spoke with Jesus about His close care. All of them were struck by a cloud of light, and out came a voice: "This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased. Listen to him. "
Celebration of the Transfiguration Church confesses connection in Christ two principles - human and divine. Transformation - the appearance of the Son with the Father witness in the Holy Spirit, that is, the revelation of the incarnation of the Holy Trinity. Transfiguration was not to change the divine nature of Christ, but the appearance of His Divine in human nature. According to St. John Chrysostom, Transfiguration happened "to show us the future transformation of our nature and the future of His coming in the clouds with the angels in glory."
Feast of the Transfiguration already existed in the IV century, as evidenced by the teachings and words of Ephrem the Syrian, and John Chrysostom. Mother of Constantine the Great, Saint Helena Equal to the Apostles, built on Mount Tabor church in honor of the Transfiguration, which was destroyed in the XII century. Salah al-Din. In the West, a holiday in the XII century. was common; founded it in 1457 Pope Callistus III, establishing at the same liturgical rite.
On this day, the church consecrated pears, apples, grapes, honey and obzhinochnye wreaths or ears of rye and wheat.
Once devout peasants to this day do not eat fruit because it is considered a sin. After returning from church, the family, of course, solemnly sat down at a table and break: eating apples with honey and washed down with grape or apple wine - "that bore fruit." Ritual meal that day are Szulik.
In central Ukraine on the day can already start freezing, and therefore say, "Christ has come, keep your gloves in store!"
Before the Savior has two weeks post - "Spasovka." There is a legend that the Christ - a continuation of Lent. God has appointed for nine weeks of Lent and Holy Fathers have to ask God for something so done because hard for people to sustain such a long post. Then God split the post into two parts: seven weeks before Easter in the spring and two weeks in late summer before the Savior. That is why the popular belief in Spasovka should also fast, as in Lent.
Saved - a day of remembrance of the dead relatives to popular mythology, the third statement dead to light in the spring-summer season: the dead appear on Holy Thursday, the Green Festival and Spas.
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