Independence Day of Ukraine
Independence Day is a public holiday in Ukraine, which is celebrated every year on August 24 in honor of the adoption of the Supreme Soviet of the Ukrainian SSR "Act of independence of Ukraine", which is considered to be the date of formation of the Ukrainian state in its present form.
History of Ukraine adopted a measured, usually with the establishment of the Kievan state in the IX century. After the decline of public education, and accompanied him to the collapse of small principalities in the XVII century is formed Cossack hetman state, which lasted until the end of the XVIII century, after which, until the XX century, the independent Ukrainian state existed.
After the October Revolution of 1917 in Ukraine signaled the rise of the national movement, took shape in the "Third Estate" Central Council November 20, 1917 and declared the Ukrainian People's Republic - UNR. In Universale was announced on freedom of speech, press, religion, assembly, strike, abolition of the death penalty.
After the rejection of the Ukrainian government to accept the ultimatum Bolshevik Council of People's Commissars, which was required to enable them to send our troops to the Ukraine, as well as not to miss the Don White officers and Cossacks began Ukrainian Bolshevik war. The military successes of the Bolsheviks forced the NRA to call for help Germany.
Since mid-February 1918 and the advance of German troops on Ukrainian territory seized by the Bolsheviks. By April of the same year, the entire Ukraine was liberated from the Bolshevik occupation, however, was in fact the German - Germany has led to power by force of his protege. The ensuing civil war and a series of interventions were completed in March 1919, in Kiev. At the All-Ukrainian Congress of Soviets adoption of the constitution of the "independent of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR)."
December 28, 1920 between the USSR and the Russian Federation signed a "worker-peasant alliance treaty of military and economic cooperation," which established the dependence of the USSR from the RSFSR. The next chance for an independent Ukrainian state was introduced only in the late 20th century, after the collapse of the Soviet Union.
First Independence Day was marked by July 16, 1991 in memory of a year ago July 16, 1990 the Supreme Soviet of the USSR adopted a "Declaration of State Sovereignty of Ukraine." Also July 16, 1990 the Supreme Soviet of the USSR adopted a resolution "On the Day of Independence of Ukraine." It states:
"Taking into account the will of the Ukrainian people and its age-old desire for independence, Reiterating the historic significance of the Declaration of State Sovereignty of Ukraine on 16 July 1990 The Supreme Soviet of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic decrees:
July 16 is the day of the Independence Day of Ukraine and the annual observance of it as a public national holiday in Ukraine. "
Subsequently, on June 18, 1991, have been made the appropriate changes to Article 73 of the Labor Code of the Ukrainian SSR, thus the list of holidays there was a record, "July 16 - Independence Day."
Since August 24, 1991 the Supreme Soviet of the USSR adopted the "Act of Independence of Ukraine", which is December 1, 1991 confirmed the people in a national referendum, it was necessary to change the date of the celebration of the Independence Day of Ukraine. Therefore, February 20, 1992 the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine adopted the resolution "On the Day of Independence of Ukraine." It states:
"Taking into account the will of the Ukrainian people and its age-old desire for independence, Reiterating the historic significance of the adoption of the Act of Independence of Ukraine 24 August 1991 The Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine resolves:
1. August 24 is the day of the Independence Day of Ukraine and the annual observance of it as a public national holiday in Ukraine.
2. Resolution of the Verkhovna Rada of the Ukrainian SSR "On the Day of Independence of Ukraine" dated July 16, 1990 be declared void. "
Celebrating in different cities
In general, the main celebration at the state level in Kiev, where traditionally the President makes a reception for Independence Day. Also, the first person in the country lay flowers at the monuments to outstanding Ukrainian (mostly to the monuments of Vladimir the Great, Bogdan Khmelnitsky, Michael Hrushevsky and Taras Shevchenko) and take part in prayer for Ukraine, which is traditionally held in St. Sophia, with the participation of representatives of all religions that exist in Ukraine .
Over recent years, the Independence Day of Ukraine in the Ukrainian capital, Kiev, military parades are held (1998, 1999, 2001, 2008, 2009), and organized holiday concerts and celebrations. Annual attractions for a holiday in the capital is the City Flower Show Caves Park, whose slopes while always covered paints bright colors that combine to form different images to mark the holiday and a great concert. Celebrating crowned night fireworks.
However, in 2010, the Independence Day military parade in Kiev was not planned. Question with fireworks in Kiev, also few interesting content, because on the one hand Ukrainian News first reported that it has no plans to carry out, on the other hand was subsequently issued an order of the Ministry of Defence to allow its conduct. And celebration of the Independence Day 2010 will remember the Ukrainians by the fact that for the first time in many years, there was no single service in St. Sophia's Cathedral in the presence of the President and representatives of various faiths represented in Ukraine. Prayed for Ukraine in the different churches.
It is a tradition that, in most of the city's Independence Day in Lviv dresses embroidered shirts (Ukrainian vishivanki), so in the morning the city blooms with exquisite colors of embroidered shirts, which are encoded in the ancient signs, symbols of health and welfare, which are particularly active on the day of the holiday. The celebration is not limited to one day, it takes a few days and combines international folklore festival "Etnovyr", a festival of independent film "Kinolev", concerts, a parade of embroidered shirts, children's events, etc.
In Lviv, the Independence Day, beginning in 2008, sculptures of the ancient Greek gods, who are crowned fountains Market Square, decorated with embroidered shirt.
Celebrations are held in the city, in the central Freedom Square is traditionally held in the evening concert performances of pop stars and government officials, which ends with fireworks. On the eve of the holiday - August 23, Kharkiv celebrates the city, and the most festivities take place on that day, not on Independence Day.
Independence Day in Poltava, as always, blossoms embroidered shirts and smiling faces. People come to the monument of Taras Shevchenko, the freedom to worship singer and lay flowers. Traditionally, the celebration continues at the monument of Cossack glory, where people pay tribute to the victims of Ukrainian Cossacks, who with arms to defend their homeland.
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