Christianity, has made the big impact on the development of Kievan
Russia spiritual life. With its introduction the Church Slavonic
language created approximately 100 years before the Christianity acceptance by the Bulgarian educators Cyril and Methodius became the literary language in Russia. Together with it the education on the Balkans and Moravia also extended.
In the end of XVIII century harlequin-travesty poem of Ivan
Kotlyarevsky «Eneida» signalized the occurrence of the newest literary
Ukrainian language and the beginning of modern Ukrainian literature.
in Ukraine became extremely complicated because of the language policy,
which was carried out by the governments of Poland and Russia. Ukrainian
literature first of all confirmed and extended prestige of the
Ukrainian language, and belief in its big possibilities. Publications of
"Aeneida" by Kotlyarevsky in 1798 were the beginning of the new era
in the Ukrainian literature.
The relative prosperity of Ukrainian historical science, culture,
the literature and the fine arts is connected with the years of war
1941 - 1945. «For many years for the first time - wrote M.Rylsky, - the
Ukrainian scientists and writers gained the right to express aloud
about the national spirit of Ukrainian people».
We can safely assume Mykolai Khvylyovyi (the real name is Fitilev), who was the founder of the genre of Ukrainian pro-revolutionary prose, one of the brightest talents of Ukrainian literature of the XX century.
The writer Pavlo Grigorievich Tychina is one of the most exciting national writers of the last century, a poet and a polyglot. It often occurs that Pavlo Tychina knew 14 languages, but in the library of the Kyiv Museum named after the writer kept about 20,000 books, written or having in 20 languages. He is one of the few who have avoided the fate of fellow creative people - "Executed Renaissance", the color of Ukrainian intellectuals.
independence of Ukraine (on August, 24th 1991) and reorganisation of
independent state created essentially new, quite favorable conditions
for culture development. On February, 19th 1992 the Supreme Rada of
Ukraine accepted "The bases of culture legislation" which provides the
measures of further development of Ukrainian national culture.
The modern Ukrainian literature provided a whole galaxy of interesting writers working in various literary genres. Among them, one of the brightest stars is Lyubomyr Deresh, the 29-year-old (in 2013) novelist and essayist.
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