Theatre and cinema
theatrical art of Ukraine originated in the extreme antiquity in
national games, dances, songs and ceremonies. Since VI century the
theatrical buffoons performances. During an epoch of Kievan
Russia the theater elements were in the church ceremonies. Frescos of
Sofia cathedral in Kyiv testify to it (XI century). The
first samples of drama were publicly pronounced by the pupils of Kyiv
Brotherly (Kyiv-Mohula Academy) and Lavrsky school (XVI-XVII
centuries). Lviv brotherly school and Ostrozhsky academy are now
considered as the important centres of religious drama development.
The word "vertep" (Eng. “nativity scene” or “den”) got Old Slavic origin and means "valley" or "cave". It is believed that this kind of Puppet Theater became popular in the Russian empire through Ukrainian students. Especially noted the role of so-called “spudei” (in Ukraine the name of seminarians, of students of religious schools and alias of junior students of Kyiv-Mohyla Academy). The researchers are inclined to believe that the nativity scene was born about 200 years ago in Western Ukraine, which belonged to Poland.
The time of occurrence of the serf theater is considered the end of the XVII century. Formerly the members of the Rzeczpospolita (Poland) and the Russian Empire, being in a kind of reservation, i.e. without mixing with the culture of Western Europe, the Ukrainians had their own creative flair - folk songs and theatrical performances. Ukrainians had an aesthetic value to the nobles and princes of the time.
Coryphaei Theater is one of the brightest pages of the Ukrainian theater history. In fact, this is the first professional theater in Ukraine. Officially, it is assumed that the theater was founded in 1882, in Yelisavetgrad (former name of Kirovograd).
The history of modern Ukrainian theater is counted off from the creation of Coryphaeus’ Theater, and even more precisely: the history started with the staging of "Natalka-Poltavka" (in Ukrainian language) in 1882 Yelisavetgrad (now - Kirovograd) in the Zimniy (Eng. “Winter”) Theatre. Homestead of one of the members of the theater (the writer and actor Ivan Karpenko-Kary) become a forge of stage productions. Farm "Nadija" (Eng. “hope”; it is also name of Karpenko-Kary’s wife) was not far from Yelisavetgrad; it became the center of the top art intellectuals of Ukraine.
Ukrainian animation is neither more nor less than 85 years. In 1927, the first Ukrainian cartoons were "Ukrainianization" (Kyiv) and "Tale of the straw bull" (Odessa Film Studio). Events of 1930s, which followed a wave of repression (the Second World War, and then hunger) have almost destroyed this branch of art. Until 1959, the Kiev Film Studio was released only a few dozen cartoons.
In 1893 the main mechanic of Odessa Novorossiysk University
Joseph Timchenko invented and designed prototype of the modern movie
camera and device for a film projection. Then he made the first-ever
filming - he rolled the horsemen and spears throwers. From November,
7th till December, 20th, 1893 in the hotel "France" (Odessa) those two
films were showing.
Winner of the International Film Festival in Venice in 1934, the winner of two Stalin Prizes and the Lenin Prize, Alexander Dovzhenko is still amazing us with his work, deep and surprisingly accurate. The biography of this man is also full of pain and tragedy, aspirations and dashed hopes, as his characters’.
"Kievnauchfilm" was created on the basis of the Kiev Film Studio January 1, 1941 (commonly known name appeared only 13 years later). The new studio was planned as a bastion of propaganda and patriotic movies, which was especially important in the raged those years the Second World War. Then, few could have imagined what the future awaits for Studio and what kind of films will become its "star stronghold". Hardly anyone thought about the fact that a single-purpose Soviet unit will be one of the most favorite film studios in the European Community.
Odessa Film Studio is one of the oldest in the Russian Empire and the largest Ukrainian producer of the movies. To date, the studio's repertoire is 222 feature films.
The fall of the "Iron Curtain" and Soviet Union played an ambiguous role for intellectuals. On one side collapsed bans: it became possible not only openly praising socialism, but also criticize it without a fear. Now creative professions have free hands and they are free to create national works of art, to organize their own creative communities without coordination with the Communist Party; they got the right to travel abroad, were they are able to communicate openly in order to exchange experience with foreign colleagues and even enlist their help and support.