In the days of Kievan-Russian the integrated philological
discipline - literature which combined dialectics, poetics and rhetoric
started to be studied. According to the academician I.R.Mazurkevich
and modern researcher V.V. Olifrienko it was the beginning of Ukrainian
literature methodology. The Greek language was the basis
of the higher science at that time in our territory, on the western
Ukrainian lands the Latin and German languages were also studied. Kyiv
metropolitan Kliment Smolyatich (1147-54), the talented writer and
philosopher wrote, that in XII century in Ukraine there were 300-400
scientists who could speak Greek.
Active interest to exact and
even applied sciences is the basic sign of scientific process of that
time. Actually here we step on absolutely undiscovered territory with a
lot of implanted, but already absolutely out-of-date stereotypes with
the rather modest creations in the field of exact Ukrainian science and
culture of the Cossacks epoch. Processing of creative heritage of
Ostrozhsky and Kyiv Mohyla Academy is necessary to get rid of them.
Since the end of XVIII century, the tragical epoch in the history
of Ukraine was observed, when that consistent policy of deprivation
not only statehood, but also national and cultural achievements of the
last centuries was finished.
science development in Ukraine was difficult and inconsistent. Neither
Russia, nor Austro-Hungary weren't interested in carrying out of
scientific researches in Ukraine, and perceived progressive ideas with
suspicion. However Ukrainian scientists brought the great contribution
to the science development.
XX-th century is rich in openings. The theory of probability, the
invention of digital technologies, etc. One of the basic science
achievements of XXth century lies in understanding that the physical
world is arranged under laws, which are difficult to understand and to
explain on the habitual language of concepts.
The science was always an important factor and the precondition
of education and culture development, improvement of labour quality.
Nowadays from everywhere heard talks that the Ukrainian science is nothing; that there are no minds in Ukraine, which are capable to invent something valuable or just useful. People say that all the best minds for a long time working abroad, and it is difficult nowadays to call once "the best education in the world" with even just the word “education”. However, despite all the decadent attitudes and skepticism, Ukrainians continue to come up with a variety of instruments, devices and products capable of, if not turn the world upside down, then, at least, greatly change it.
It is completely strange to assume that the Ukrainians are resourceful people. Most of the Ukraine seems to be the state of folk art, folk craft, or even the victim of various political forces. For some reason there is no practice to focus on the fact that due to the Ukrainians today are born revolutionary invention, and dozens of their ideas were published more than a century ago.
Before the July 21, 1969, when a significant event for all mankind (landing a man on the moon) has occured, it was done tremendous work of scientific and creative character. It was developed spaceship, it was designed training program for astronauts, it was properly trained professionals to control the flight and to be in charge of troubleshooting from the Earth. Among the people who have made a fairy tale come true was a native of Poltava Alexander Shargey.
Son of the famous Ukrainian poet and polyglot Paul Grabowski Boris was born in 1901 in the city of Tobolsk (Tyumen region, Russia), when his family was there in exile. As biographers believe, unrealized dream to see again Ukraine passed from father to his son, who wanted to show it in the distance.