XVII-XVIII centuries

From those times a lot of anonymous icon painting masterpieces remained. More often national icon painters apllied to the image of Blessed Virgin. On the icons of Cossack time the Virgin is represented in the national Ukrainian dress against a gilt carved vegetative ornament. The Holy Protection icon got the great distribution in Ukraine. A lot of Holy Protection images remained. In the bottom part of such icons realistic images of Cossack foremen, Koshevoy atamans, hetmen were represented.For example, the icon of the Blessed Virgin Holy Protection with the image of Bogdan Khmelnitskiy remained. On the one icon among Cossacks who ask the Virgin for protection, the last koshevoy Peter Kadnishevsky is represented. Secular portrait painting had the great popularity in those days. Portraits were ordered by representatives of Cossack foremen, actually, therefore they are called Cossack's portraits. The remarkable sample of the Cossack portrait is the image of colonel Mikhail Miklashevsky in the beginning of XVIII century and notable military companion of Grigory Gamaley in the end of XVII century. National pictures "Cossack Mamay" had extreme popularity in Ukraine. Throughout XVIII century the image of Cossack Mamay could be seen in each Ukrainian hut. Cossacks drew with oil paints on canvas, walls, doors, windows, tiles, chests, ware and even on beehives, suggesting symbolical Mamay's icon  as the averter. The engraving developed very roughly. Ukrainian graphic artists Alexander and Leontiy Tarasovich deserved the big glory. In 1702 in Kyiv the "Kyivo-Pechersk patericon" and forty engravings of Leontiy Tarasevich was out of print. Ivan Shcharsky was the unsurpassed engraver. In his engravings the difficult vegetative ornaments are combined with antique, deeply symbolical plots and realistic images. So rules of baroque were embodied in the graphics. In the field of painting the leading master in Ukraine was Taras Shevchenko. He was the pupil of known Russian artist Karl Bryullov, he went his own way, and in painting art he reached considerable tops first of all in the engraving, for that he had been awarded by the Petersburg Academy of arts and acquired the academician rank.  Over 130 portraits belongs to Shevchenko. His works are penetrated by democratism, high humanism, national-liberation motives. Social motives expressively sound in series "The Parable about lascivious son", "The picturesque Ukraine", and also in drawings from the life of the Kazakh people among whom the poet and the artist lived in the deportatio.

Shevchenko's friends and colleagues in art: V.Shternberg, Y.Balmen, M.Bashilov with love illustrated some editions of Shevchenko's "Kobzar", and artists Apollon Mokritsky and Ivan Soshenko are known nowadays as the authors of realistic portraits of people, figures of Ukrainian and Russian culture. Known artist Vasily Tropinin 30 years for almost 30 years had been the serf of the landowner in Vinnitsa area. On his pictures  there are the fine landscapes of Podolia, on the portraits -there are Ukrainian peasants. The Russian and Ukrainian fine arts developed on traditions of mutual enrichment. In creative heritage of outstanding Russian artists I.Kramskoy, V.Makovsky, I.Ayvazovsky and others there are many landscape, household and portrait cloths on Ukrainian theme. Repin's creativity reached the tops of world art. He was born and spent childhood and youth in Ukraine, having kept the feeling of sincere love to the brotherly Ukrainian people for ever. Among his numerous pictures on the Ukrainian theme the most outstanding is the cloth "Zaporizhzhian people write the letter to the Turkish sultan". Ukrainian artist Sergey Vasilkovsky wrote about 3500 pictures and sketches of the wonderful Ukrainian nature, heroic last of Ukrainian people and their daily life. Konstantin Trutovsky, Kiriyak Kostandi, Kornil Ustiyanovich left  the big graphic heritage of the household and public life of Ukrainian people.


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