Kept by the time architectural monuments of princely epoch are the
ornaments of many cities of Ukraine. Stone constructions were lucky to
go through centuries. However in those days the tree was the basic
material in building: dwellings and defensive buildings were built of
In Ukraine the building of defensive works -
castles, fortresses, shaft round cities and villages for protection
against attacks of Turkish armies and Crimean-Tatar hordes got the wide
scope. Local magnates used the castles for personal safety and serfs
retention in obedience.
From those times a lot of anonymous icon painting masterpieces
remained. More often national icon painters apllied to the image of
Blessed Virgin. On the icons of Cossack time the Virgin is represented
in the national Ukrainian dress against a gilt carved vegetative
If in the literature and theatre the language defined their
national image, in such spheres as the fine arts, architecture,
development of national forms was more problematic. So,
on the East Ukrainian lands it was possible to speak about certain
Ukrainian-Russian unity in the fine arts. The matter is that within
almost XIX century in Russian empire the Academy of arts in Petersburg
was the main formation centre. The greatest possibilities for
exhibitions and orders were also in the capital of empire.
After declaration of
independence the state architecture continues to develop. In 1992 the
Ukrainian academy of architecture revived, architecturally-building
activity quickened, various architectural competitions were used more
widely, active searches of progressive development ways of modern
architecture of Ukraine were also conducted. Restoration of cultural
heritage monuments began. Language of modern architecture
becomes more and more international, pluralistic in creative styles.
Ukrainian embroidery dates back to the Late Neolithic - Early Bronze Age (tribes of Tripoli culture). The elements of ornaments used by Trypillians, Sarmatians and Scythians are found even in the modern national embroidery. Among the earliest finds of art are the things that are dated VI century, found in the Cherkassy region near the village Martynivka.
It is believed that the icons in the Kievan Rus was appeared after the baptism of the country by Prince Vladimir in 988. First in Rus there were not own icons, as the country was pagan. So people did pray not to saints but worshiped to the spirits and deities through small sanctuaries. Mystical powers and deities were depicted in the form of figurines of wood, stone, say or straw. The word "icon" is of Greek origin and is translated as "the image", so you can often hear there that people swear on the "image of the saints", and that "images" stand in the churches.
The earliest potteries found in the territory of Ukraine belong to the Tripoli culture (2.5-2 thousand years BC). This people loved the rich ornament and generously applied it on vases, plates and pots. Undoubtedly, their culture has had a profound influence on later peoples, the Slavs, whose period begins around the VII century BC, aren’t the exception.
The coming holidays
(In 2018, on May 25 in the most of schools)
Feast of the Last Bell is usually held the last Saturday in May, when the students' school year ends. An exc...
(In 2018, on May 26) Kyiv is the oldest and the largest city in Ukraine, the capital of Kyivan Rus. According to legend, Kyiv was founded by three brother...
(In 2018, on May 27)
Pentecost (the Day of Pentecost, Green Week, Pentecost) is one of the major Christian holidays, in Orthodoxy is one of the twelve gre...